Learning Objectives:
• To learn measuring techniques to improve proportions
• To improve your ability to identify shapes when drawing portraits
• To make appropriate changes to improve your work as it develops 
Your task:
Begin your final piece by choosing one of the images below and then measuring your initial outlines by following the tutorial below.
What you will need: 
Sketching paper (or your sketchbook), a soft pencil (preferably 2B or 4B), eraserblending stump (or cotton bud) and a pencil sharpener.
Get an image : Children who have changed the world
Before you can start your final piece, you need an image to draw. This year we are going to draw portraits of children who have changed the world. Some of them you may have heard of, but many of them you won't. 
Email Mr Lax to find out which image you will be using, if you don't know already.
Learn about some other children who have changed the world by clicking on the images below. To download an image, right click on it and select 'Save Image As...'
Ann Makosinski was 15 when she invented a flashlight powered by body heat for the Google Science Fair in 2013
Ann Makosinski was 15 when she invented a flashlight powered by body heat for the Google Science Fair in 2013
Anne Frank was a teenage diarist died in 1945, but the words she put down in her notebook while her family was in hiding during World War II have proven to be timeless
Anne Frank was a teenage diarist died in 1945, but the words she put down in her notebook while her family was in hiding during World War II have proven to be timeless
Anoyara Khatun was 12 years old when she was a victim of child trafficking until she was rescued by Save the Children. She returned to West Bengal and committed her life to putting an end to the exploitation and trafficking of children
Anoyara Khatun was 12 years old when she was a victim of child trafficking until she was rescued by Save the Children. She returned to West Bengal and committed her life to putting an end to the exploitation and trafficking of children
Asia Newson started her business at 5 years old, selling candles she bought wholesale from a distributor. She’s now 13, producing her own candles and her company earned $100k in revenue in 2017. She has also trained young kids in Detroit - to be entrepreneurs, which is to say Newsom has created power and possibility across a whole community.
Asia Newson started her business at 5 years old, selling candles she bought wholesale from a distributor. She’s now 13, producing her own candles and her company earned $100k in revenue in 2017. She has also trained young kids in Detroit - to be entrepreneurs, which is to say Newsom has created power and possibility across a whole community.
Bana al-Abed - documented her life in war-torn Syria on Twitter
Bana al-Abed - documented her life in war-torn Syria on Twitter
Boyan Slat laid out his idea for cleaning up the Great Pacific Garbage Patch, an enormous and still-growing island of plastic and other trash hanging out in the north Pacific ocean between California and Hawaii
Boyan Slat laid out his idea for cleaning up the Great Pacific Garbage Patch, an enormous and still-growing island of plastic and other trash hanging out in the north Pacific ocean between California and Hawaii
Cassandra Lin won an environmental award for ‘Project TGIF’ (Turn Grease into Fuel)
Cassandra Lin won an environmental award for ‘Project TGIF’ (Turn Grease into Fuel)
Claudette Colvin refused to give up seat on bus for white person, which marked a pivotal moment in changes to racism and segregation
Claudette Colvin refused to give up seat on bus for white person, which marked a pivotal moment in changes to racism and segregation
Easton LaChappelle built a prototype for a robotic hand out of Legos and fishing wire in 2011, aged 14, which earned him third place at the Colorado State Science Fair
Easton LaChappelle built a prototype for a robotic hand out of Legos and fishing wire in 2011, aged 14, which earned him third place at the Colorado State Science Fair
Emma-Gonzalez survived a school shooting and then became an activist to end gun violence
Emma-Gonzalez survived a school shooting and then became an activist to end gun violence
Gitanjali Rao was awarded $25,000 at 11 years old for inventing a device that can detect lead in drinking water
Gitanjali Rao was awarded $25,000 at 11 years old for inventing a device that can detect lead in drinking water
Greta Thunberg is an environmental activist who has raised awareness of global warming and the need to do more to care for the planet
Greta Thunberg is an environmental activist who has raised awareness of global warming and the need to do more to care for the planet
Iqbal Masih is a Pakistani boy who escaped child slavery at 10 years old and became a leader in the movement to put an end to it
Iqbal Masih is a Pakistani boy who escaped child slavery at 10 years old and became a leader in the movement to put an end to it
Jack Andrakas made a major contribution (while at high school) to the health community by inventing a type of sensor that could detect early signs of pancreatic and other forms of cancer
Jack Andrakas made a major contribution (while at high school) to the health community by inventing a type of sensor that could detect early signs of pancreatic and other forms of cancer
Jahkil Jackson formed 'Project I am' at 9-year-old, helping his aunt distribute food at a local homeless shelter in his native Chicago
Jahkil Jackson formed 'Project I am' at 9-year-old, helping his aunt distribute food at a local homeless shelter in his native Chicago
Jazz Jennings is one of the youngest publicly documented people to identify as transgender
Jazz Jennings is one of the youngest publicly documented people to identify as transgender
Julia Bluhm is on a quest to promote body positivity one magazine cover at a time and at 14, she successfully convinced the editor-in-chief of Seventeen to feature images of real girls and healthy models without Photoshopping
Julia Bluhm is on a quest to promote body positivity one magazine cover at a time and at 14, she successfully convinced the editor-in-chief of Seventeen to feature images of real girls and healthy models without Photoshopping
Katie Stagliano grew a cabbage patch in 3rd grade to help feed the homeless
Katie Stagliano grew a cabbage patch in 3rd grade to help feed the homeless
Kelvin Doe is one of Sierra Leone's most famous child inventors
Kelvin Doe is one of Sierra Leone's most famous child inventors
Louis Braille was only 12 when he learned of a communication system used by the French army, which laid the groundwork for his own system of reading and writing used by the blind
Louis Braille was only 12 when he learned of a communication system used by the French army, which laid the groundwork for his own system of reading and writing used by the blind
Malala Yousafzai was the youngest Nobel Prize laureate for her humanitarian efforts. She captured the world's attention after being shot by the Taliban in Pakistan
Malala Yousafzai was the youngest Nobel Prize laureate for her humanitarian efforts. She captured the world's attention after being shot by the Taliban in Pakistan
Marley Dias started the hash tag, #1000BlackGirlBooks, a movement to collect and donate children's books that feature black girls as the lead character
Marley Dias started the hash tag, #1000BlackGirlBooks, a movement to collect and donate children's books that feature black girls as the lead character
Mary Grace Henry formed ‘Reverse The Course’ charity which has sold over 11,000 hair accessories to help more than100 young girls in Kenya, Uganda, Paraguay and Haiti
Mary Grace Henry formed ‘Reverse The Course’ charity which has sold over 11,000 hair accessories to help more than100 young girls in Kenya, Uganda, Paraguay and Haiti
Maya Penn was only eight years old when she launched her eco-friendly fashion house, Maya's Ideas, and her dedication prompted her to start her non-profit called Maya's Ideas 4 The Planet
Maya Penn was only eight years old when she launched her eco-friendly fashion house, Maya's Ideas, and her dedication prompted her to start her non-profit called Maya's Ideas 4 The Planet
Melati and Isabel Wijsen are child activists, working to reduce the amount of single-use plastic used
Melati and Isabel Wijsen are child activists, working to reduce the amount of single-use plastic used
Mikaila Ulmer created the BeeSweet brand to raise money to help bees
Mikaila Ulmer created the BeeSweet brand to raise money to help bees
Nkosi Johnson put a face to the HIV-AIDS crisis in Africa in the 1990s. Born HIV-positive, he gained public attention when he was refused admittance to a public school in Johannesburg because of the disease.
Nkosi Johnson put a face to the HIV-AIDS crisis in Africa in the 1990s. Born HIV-positive, he gained public attention when he was refused admittance to a public school in Johannesburg because of the disease.
Ryan Hreljac is working to make clean water accessible to people in poor areas and set up the Ryan's Well Foundation when he was 10
Ryan Hreljac is working to make clean water accessible to people in poor areas and set up the Ryan's Well Foundation when he was 10
Samantha Smith Eased Cold War tensions. She wrote a letter to the newly appointed CPSU General Secretary Yuri Andropov, and received a personal reply with a personal invitation to visit the Soviet Union, which she accepted
Samantha Smith Eased Cold War tensions. She wrote a letter to the newly appointed CPSU General Secretary Yuri Andropov, and received a personal reply with a personal invitation to visit the Soviet Union, which she accepted
Sophie Cruz is a young activist for undocumented workers who was invited to the White House to meet President Obama in 2016 when she was 6 years old
Sophie Cruz is a young activist for undocumented workers who was invited to the White House to meet President Obama in 2016 when she was 6 years old
Thandiwe Chama received the 2007 International Children's Peace Prize when she was 16 for her work as an educational rights activist in Zambia.
Thandiwe Chama received the 2007 International Children's Peace Prize when she was 16 for her work as an educational rights activist in Zambia.
Xiuhtezcatl Martinez is an environmental activist who spoke at the U.N. three times by the age of 15 urging leaders to take action against climate change
Xiuhtezcatl Martinez is an environmental activist who spoke at the U.N. three times by the age of 15 urging leaders to take action against climate change
Yash Gupta collected eyeglasses from the age of 14, then later launched his Sight Learning organisation. The group collects used glasses and delivers them to children who need them
Yash Gupta collected eyeglasses from the age of 14, then later launched his Sight Learning organisation. The group collects used glasses and delivers them to children who need them
Zuriel Oduwole is a young education advocate for girls in Africa and also a filmmaker
Zuriel Oduwole is a young education advocate for girls in Africa and also a filmmaker
Tutorial:
Follow this video tutorial closely to learn a useful measuring technique for drawing really accurate portraits.
Printing the photo:
Ideally you will print the photo in black and white exactly the same size as your drawing. However, if you do not have access to a printer, you will need to enlarge the image on your computer screen or iPad and measure from there. 
Tips:
  •  Measure carefully and if in doubt, measure again... and again.
  •  Trust the measurements - don't change your proportions when you don't believe them!
  •  Draw your guidelines as lightly as possible to make it easier to erase them later on
  •  If the person's head is at an angle, so will be your guidelines. Just make sure your lines are in exactly the same place on the photo as on the page. 
  •  You can measure diagonally so long as you hold your ruler at the same angle between the photo and the drawing.
  •  Don't be tempted to add any shading or too much detail until you are completely sure your outlines are correct. It would be frustrating having to erase a finished section of your drawing if you discover it was in the wrong place later on.